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Hechos de Poder

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Juche All We Said

As North Korea returns to self-reliance to maintain its faltering state-run economy, experts said sanctioning the financial lifelines of regime leaders might put added pressure on Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons program.

Juche All We Said

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"Washington and its allies should be calibrating sanctions that target the regime/party elites' financial lifeline," said Matthew Ha, a research analyst at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD). "The critical entity that would affect change amongst North Korea's leadership are banks and financial institutions."

"There is no need to hesitate with any expectation of the U.S. lifting of sanctions," said Kim. He urged the nation to make a "frontal breakthrough to foil the enemies' sanctions and blockade by dint of self-reliance."

Bradley Babson, a former World Bank adviser and an advisory council member of the Korea Economic Institute of America, said North Korea has been complaining about sanctions because they restrict the regime from fully operating its state-controlled industries.

Sanctions "are really constraining the ability of the state to function in the state-directed economy in the way they would like to," said Babson. "And that's why they complain about sanctions. I think they're complaining that the state really has to give ground to the private sector in order to survive."

"When we talk about sanctions pressure, we really need to be targeting where strategic decisions can be made to really adjust the calculus of [the regime's] leaders," said Ha. "In a dictatorship, it's the elites that are going to be more likely to make a change in decision."

"There are [local overseas] middlemen that are literally pushing the money through for a lot of [North Korean] individuals and the companies that they run to help provide financial revenue for the regime," said Ha.

Joshua Stanton, a Washington-based attorney who helped draft the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement and Policy Enforcement Act in 2016, said, "Maximum pressure will really be maximum pressure when there are nine-digit penalties against Chinese banks that're laundering North Korean money."

On Jan. 14, the U.S. Treasury Department issued new sanctions on two North Korean entities that it said continue to export laborers overseas, undermining U.N. resolutions including the one passed in 2017 requiring all North Korean workers return by a Dec. 22, 2019, deadline.

"It's a step in the right direction," said Ha. He added that one of the sanctioned entities, Namgang Trading Corporation, "is likely run by a [North Korean] government official who is helping finance the government, the regime needs."

Babson said U.N. sanctions restricting "the oil imports have really negatively affected things like fertilizer production and industries that are very dependent on oil, not only the power sector but in other industries."

Troy Stangarone, senior director of the Korea Economic Institute, said a new mountain resort North Korea opened in Samjiyon County in December has been "a showpiece" to stress that "the regime can be self-reliant domestically."

"That concept really has been undermined by the growth of the market economy," said Babson. "People feel that they're able to pursue individual interest on [seeking] economic benefit even if it doesn't benefit the whole. So there's a breakdown in the understanding of what it means to be self-reliant."

"There is a real dilemma for the government and for public policy about how [to] integrate the concept of self-reliance in the modern and the way the economy and society have developed since the famine [of 1990s] and the breakdown of the old model," Babson said.

In 1950, Kim Il-sung convinced Soviet Premier Josef Stalin to provide tanks for a war that would reunify North and South Korea. Kim nearly succeeded, advancing his troops down to the southern edge of the peninsula to take almost the entirety of South Korea. But then American forces led by General Douglas MacArthur pushed the North Koreans all the way back up to their shared border with China. When Kim begged Stalin for help, the Soviet dictator said no. And Chairman Mao Zedong of China waited two days before agreeing to assist the North Koreans.

But Vipin Narang, a nuclear policy expert at MIT, said he would be surprised if Kim went that route right away. He also noted that Ri described it as an option, and not a definite. "I think that was clever for them to specify the worst-case test while still leaving room to walk away from it," Narang told CNN.

TOP DIPLOMATS HUDDLE: Leaders from Seoul and Washington met in New York following the threats, and agreed to keep a close eye on developments. Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson "exchanged primary analysis and opinions of Kim's statement ... and agreed to carry out further close study of it," the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a release, according to Yonhap.

TURNING UP THE HEAT: Trump took executive action on Thursday to crack down on individuals, banks and businesses that are involved in trade with North Korea, as his administration seeks to further pressure Pyongyang into abandoning its nuclear and ballistic missile programs, Gabby Morrongiello writes. "Foreign banks will face a clear choice: do business with the United States or facilitate trade with the lawless regime in North Korea," Trump said during a summit with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Moon. "It is unacceptable that others financially support this criminal, rogue regime."

Trump said his executive order, announced shortly after Chinese officials said the country had instructed its banks to strictly enforce international sanctions against North Korea, will "cut off sources of revenue that fund North Korea's efforts to develop the deadliest weapons known to humankind" by directing the Treasury Department to target those conducting trade in "goods, services, or technology" with the communist regime. "The order also includes measures designed to disrupt critical North Korean shipping and trade networks," the president added. "This is a complete denuclearization of North Korea that we seek. We cannot have this as a world body any longer."

Doreen Edelman, co-leader of the global business team at the law firm Baker Donelson, said it will be crucial for U.S. companies of all sizes to determine "who their partners are doing business with since Americans cannot be working with anyone who owns, controls, or contributes to business in North Korea" under the latest executive order.

U.S. AND RUSSIAN GENERALS MEET: As Russia threatened retaliation against coalition forces in Syria, the Pentagon confirmed U.S. and Russian officials met on the ground there this week in an effort to defuse growing tensions. "They had a face-to-face discussion, laid down maps and graphics to discuss where those deconfliction measures would be put into place," said Col. Ryan Dillon, a spokesman for the U.S. joint task force. It appeared to be the first time U.S. and Russian military leaders held such a meeting there, Dillon said. The leaders spoke for at least an hour about how their converging forces, including the U.S.-allied Syrian Democratic Forces, would manage anti-Islamic State operations in eastern Syria's Deir al-Zour province and along the Euphrates River valley leading to the Iraq border. "Part of the discussions is the expansion of this deconfliction line as its moves further on down the middle of the Euphrates River valley," Dillon said. "We very much, as the coalition and our Syrian Democratic Forces, want to continue down into these areas where we know ISIS is."

Russia claimed Thursday that its forces had been fired upon by mortars and rockets twice in the past week from SDF and U.S. special operations positions on the river, and warned that it would take immediate retaliatory action. Firing points in these areas will be immediately suppressed by all means of destruction," said Igor Konashenkov, the Defense Ministry spokesman. Dillon said recent tensions show why deconfliction work between the two countries is important. "We will continue to deconflict and continue ensure that our forces have all the protective measures in place and are ready to defend ourselves if necessary," he said.

In one example of the failures of the community-policing training, Sopko said he and his team spoke with a U.S. military officer who watched shows like "Cops" and "NCIS" to determine what to teach Afghan police.

BECOMING FRIENDS: Trump referred to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as a "friend" during a press conference in New York as part of the United Nations General Assembly meeting. "He's become a friend of mine," Trump said. "We have a great friendship as countries. I think we're, right now, as close as we have ever been. And a lot of that has to do with the personal relationship."

Juche (Movements - 45)Juche is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything.In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is saidthat this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Koreanpeople. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.

Eventually Kim Il Sung and his communist party took over North Korean and had Cho Man Sik imprisoned and eventually executed. It is said that his execution signaled the start of Christian persecution in North Korea.

SEOUL, Jan. 14 (Yonhap) -- North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is apparently utilizing his grandfather Kim Il-sung's slogan of juche or "self-reliance" in rehabilitating the country's sluggish economy in another way of mimic of the deceased leader.

Kim Jong-un's physical appearance, hairstyle, gestures and clothing are said to strikingly resemble that of his grandfather, who founded the communist country in 1948 and laid the foundation of the state before his death in July 8, 1994.

Kim said that the country should work out economic plans in an innovative way and give a strong push on the principle of developing all the sectors at an exponential speed by relying on the inexhaustible creative strength of the working people. 041b061a72


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